Geocoded data

Geocoding is the process of converting addresses to latitude/longitude coordinates. Geocoding individual patient address records allows researchers to examine how social, physical, and built environment factors influence health outcomes. Patient addresses are the most granular place-based information available, and once geocoded, can be linked out to other publicly available data. Geocoding can also allow healthcare workers to map where services are do and conduct targeted public health outreach within patients’ neighborhoods. 


Helpful references

Liu E, Rubinsky AD, Pacca L, Mujahid M, Fontil V, DeRouen MC, Fields J, Bibbins-Domingo K, and Lyles C. Examining Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status as a Mediator of Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Hypertension Control Across Two San Francisco Health Systems. Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes. 2022 Jan 31. doi: 10.1161/CIRCOUTCOMES.121.008256 

Nouri S, Lyles CR, Rubinsky AD, Patel K, Desai R, Fields J, DeRouen MC, Volow A, Bibbins-Domingo K, Sudore RL. Evaluation of Neighborhood Socioeconomic Characteristics and Advance Care Planning Among Older Adults. JAMA Netw Open. 2020 Dec 1;3(12):e2029063. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.29063

Nguyen TT, Nguyen QC, Rubinsky AD, Tasdizen T, Deligani AHN, Dwivedi P, Whitaker R, Fields JD, DeRouen MC, Mane H, Lyles CR, Brunisholz KD, Bibbins-Domingo K. Google Street View-Derived Neighborhood Characteristics in California Associated with Coronary Heart Disease, Hypertension, Diabetes. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Oct 3;18(19):10428. doi: 10.3390/ijerph181910428

Diez Roux AV. Estimating neighborhood health effects: the challenges of causal inference in a complex world. Soc Sci Med. 2004 May;58(10):1953-60. doi: 10.1016/S0277-9536(03)00414-3

Hatef E, Ma X, Rouhizadeh M, Singh G, Weiner JP, Kharrazi H. Assessing the Impact of Social Needs and Social Determinants of Health on Health Care Utilization: Using Patient- and Community-Level Data. Popul Health Manag. 2021 Apr;24(2):222-230. doi: 10.1089/pop.2020.0043